The Joint Research Centre (JRC) has released its Wind Energy Status Report 2016, presenting key data on the global market developments, technology trends and EU support for wind energy.
According to the JRC study, the global wind energy capacity reached 430GW in 2015, more than doubling from five years earlier.
The EU has been adding 10-13GW of new wind capacity annually since 2010, and new advancement in offshore wind is considered likely to push this figure to 15GW in the next four to six years.
The study added that regarding onshore wind power, the EU’s growth rate stands at 10% annually and, although significant, remains below the global average of 16.9%.
It also suggested that a number of EU member states had moved from support schemes determined administratively to competitive processes following the requirements of the State Aid Guidelines for Environmental protection and Energy (EEAG) 2014-2020.
As of July 2016, nine EU member states had competitive tender-based support schemes in force for new installations for onshore wind energy and seven member states had it for offshore. However, only three EU countries offered a tender-based feed-in premium, namely Croatia (onshore), the Netherlands (on- and offshore) and Denmark (offshore). Regulatory changes are in progress or development in Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Slovakia, Finland and Lithuania.